What Works: Women and Juvenile Females in Community Corrections
Chairperson’s Commentary on the 1998 Annual Conference of the International Community Corrections Association, Arlington, Virginia, September 27-30
Department of Law, Carleton University
C473 Loeb, 1125 Colonel By Drive
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1S 5B6
Phone: (613)-520-2600 ext 8095 (University)
(Posted March, 2001)
AFSC (American Friends Service Committee) . 1971. Struggle for Justice: A Report on Crime and Punishment in America. New York: Hill and Wang.
American Correctional Association. 1992. The Female Offender. Laurel, Maryland: American Correctional Association.
Andrews, D. 1989. Recidivism is Predictable and Can Be Influenced: Using Risk Assessments to Reduce Recidivism. Forum on Corrections Research. 1,2:11-18.
- 1996. Criminal recidivism is Predictable and Can be Influenced: An Update. Forum on Corrections Research. 8:3:42-44.
Andrews, D., Bonta J., & Hoge, R. (1990) Classification for Effective Rehabilitation: Rediscovering Psychology. Criminal Justice and Behavior. 17:19-52.
Andrews, D., Zinger, I., Hoge, D., Bonta, J., Gendreau, P. & Cullen F. (1990a) Does Correctional Treatment Work? Clinically Relevant and Psychologically Informed Meta-Analysis. Criminology. 28:369-404.
Arbour, The Hon. L. 1996. Commission of Inquiry into Certain Events at the Prison For Women in Kingston. Ottawa: Public Works and Government Services.
Bashevkin, S. 1998. Women on the Defensive: Living Through Conservative Times. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bittner, E. 1967 Police Discretion in Emergency Apprehension of Mentally Ill Persons. Social Problems. 14:278-292.
Bloom, B. 1998. Beyond Recidivism: Perspectives on Evaluation of Programs for Female Offenders in Community Corrections. Presentation to the ICCA conference.
Bonta, J., Pang, B. & Wallace-Capretta, S. 1995. Predictors of Recidivism Among Incarcerated Female Offenders. The Prison Journal. 75:3:277-294.
Carlen, P. 1990. Alternatives to Women’s Imprisonment. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
Cayley, D. 1998. The Expanding Prison: The Crisis in Crime and Punishment and the Search for Alternatives. Toronto: House of Anasi.
Chan, J. and R.V. Ericson. 1981. Decarceration and the Economy of Penal Reform. Toronto: Centre of Criminology, University of Toronto.
Chesney-Lind, M.. 1998. What to do About Girls? Thinking About Programs for Young Women. Presentation to the ICCA conference.
Chesney-Lind, M.. and B. Bloom. 1997. Feminist Criminology: Thinking About Women and Crime. In B.D. MacLean and D. Milanovic eds. Thinking Critically About Crime. Vancouver: Collective Press.
Christie, N. 1977. Conflicts as Property. British Journal of Criminology. 17:1-4.
– 1982. Limits to Pain. Oxford: Martin Robertson.
–1994. Crime Control as Industry: Towards Gulags Western Style. London: Routledge.
Cicourel, A. V. 1968. The Social Organization of Juvenile Justice. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Cohen, S. 1985. Visions of Social Control. Cambridge: Polity.
Comack, E. 1996. Women in Trouble: Connecting Women’s Law Violations to their Histories of Abuse. Halifax: Fernwood.
Conrad, J.P. 1973. Corrections and Simple Justice. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. 64:208-217.
Cooper, D. 1998. Female Delinquency in Chile. Presentation to the XIV World Congress of Sociology. Montreal (July).
Covington, S.S. 1998. Helping Women Recover: Creating Gender-Specific Treatment for Substance-Abusing Women and Girls in Community Correctional Settings. Presentation to the ICCA conference.
Cullen, F.T. and K. Gilbert. 1982. Reaffirming Rehabilitation. Cincinnati: Anderson.
Currie, E. 1998. Crime and Punishment in America: Why the Solutions to America’s Most Stubborn Crisis Have Not Worked - and What Will. New York: Metropolitan Books.
Dash, L. 1997. Rosa Lee. London: Profile Books.
Downes, D. 1988. Contrasts in Tolerance: Post-war Penal Policy in the Netherlands and England and Wales. Oxford: Clarendon.
Downes, D. and Rock, P. 1998. Understanding Deviance: A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule Breaking. 3rd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Emerson, R. 1969. Judging Delinquents. Chicago: Aldine.
Ericson, R. V. and K.D. Haggerty. 1997. Policing the Risk Society. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Faith, K. 1993. Unruly Women: The Politics of Confinement and Resistance.Vancouver: Press Gang.
Faludi, S. 1991. Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women. New York: Doublday.
Federally Sentenced Women Programme (FSWP). 1995. Security Management System. Ottawa: Correctional Service of Canada.
Feeley, M. and J. Simon. 1992. The New Penology: Notes on the Emerging Strategy of Corrections and its Implications. Criminology. 30:4:49-74.
Foucault, M. 1977. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Pantheon.
Frankel, M.L, 1972. Criminal Sentences: Law Without Order. New York: Hill and Wang.
Garland, D. 1985. Punishment and Welfare: A History of Penal Strategies. Aldershot: Gower.
Gaylin, W. 1974. Partial Justice: A Study of Bias in Sentencing. New York: Vintage.
Gendreau, P. 1996. The Principles of Effective Intervention With Offenders. In A. Harland ed. Choosing Correctional Options that Work: Defining the Demand and Evaluating the Supply. Thousand Oaks, Ca.: Sage.
Glover Reed, B. and M..E. Leavitt. 1998. Modified Wraparound and Women Offenders: A Community Corrections Continuum. Presentation to the 1998 ICCA conference.
Goffman, E. 1961. Asylums. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
Greenberg, D.F. 1970. The Problem of Prisons. Philadelphia: National Peace Literature Service.
Hannah-Moffat, K. 1991. Creating Choices or Repeating History: Canadian Female Offenders and Correctional Reform. Social Justice. 18:3:184-203.
– 1995. Feminine Fortresses: Women-Centred Prisons. The Prison Journal. 75:2:135-164.
– 1997. From Christian Maternalism to Risk Technologies: Penal Powers and Women’s Knowledges in the Governance of Female Prisons. PhD Thesis, Toronto: University of Toronto, Centre of Criminology.
– 1999. Moral Agent or Actuarial Subject: Risk and Canadian Women’s Imprisonment. Theoretical Criminology. 3:1:71-94.
Harland, A. ed. 1996. Choosing Correctional Options That Work: Defining the Demand and Evaluating the Supply. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Howe, A. 1994. Punish and Critique: Toward a Feminist Analysis of Penality. London: Routledge.
Ignatieff, M. 1978. A Just Measure of Pain: The Penitentiary in the Industrial Revolution. London: Macmillan..
Kendall, K. 1994. Therapy Behind Prison Walls. A Contradiction in Terms? Prison Service Journal. 96:2-11.
Kittrie, N.N. 1971. The Right to be Different: Deviance and Enforced Therapy. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.
Lemert, E. 1951. Social Pathology. New York: McGraw-Hill.
– 1967. H. Human Deviance, Social Problems and Social Control. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
– 1971. Instead of Court: Diversion in Juvenile Justice. Chevy Chase, MD: Center for Studies of Crime and Delinquency.
Mannheim, H. 1960. Pioneers in Criminology. London: Stevens and Sons.
Mannheim, K. 1936. Ideology and Utopia. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Martinson, R. 1974. What Works? Questions and Answers About Penal Reform. The Public Interest. 35.22-54.
McMahon, M.. 1987. Review of Stanley Cohen’s Visions of Social Control: Crime, Punishment and Classification. Canadian Journal of Sociology. 12:1-2:175-178.
-- 1988. Police Accountability: The Situation of Complaints in Toronto. Contemporary Crises. 12:301-327.
-- 1990. Net-Widening: Vagaries in the Use of a Concept. British Journal of Criminology. 30:121-149.
– 1992. The Persistent Prison? Rethinking Decarceration and Penal Reform. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
– 1995. Crime, Justice and Human Rights in the Baltics. HEUNI Papers #5. Helsinki: The European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control, affiliated with the United Nations.
– 1996. Critical Criminology and the Problem of Power. Chronicles/Chroniques/Xponika [Greek Journal of Criminology]. 9:1-20.
– 1998. Control as Enterprise: Some Recent Trends in Privatization and Criminal Justice. In S. Easton, ed. Privatizing Correctional Institutions. Vancouver: The Fraser Institute.
– 1999. Women on Guard: Discrimination and Harassment in Corrections. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
-1999a/in press. Everyday Life After Communism: Some Observations From Lithuania. Pittsburgh: Carl Beck Monograph Series on Eastern Europe, University of Pittsburgh.
Mitford, J. 1973. Kind and Usual Punishment: The Prison Business. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Motiuk, L. and K. Blanchette. 1998. Assessing Women Offenders: What Works. Presentation to the ICCA conference.
O’Dwyer, J., Wilson, J. & Carlen, P. 1987. Women’s Imprisonment in England, Wales, and Scotland. In P. Carlen and J. Worrall eds. Gender, Crime and Justice. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
Ohlin, L.E. 1956. Sociology and the Field of Corrections. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
O’Malley, P. 1992. Risk, Power and Crime Prevention. Economy and Society. 21:3:252-275.
Penal Reform International. 1998. War on Tuberculosis in Russian Prisons. Newsletter, Penal Reform International, Eastern Europe and Central Asia. 3:1-2.
Ponomarev, L. In Quest of the Quantum. Quoted in B. Edwards. 1979. Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain: A Course in Enhancing Creativity and Artistic Confidence. Los Angeles: J.P. Tarcher.
Radzinowicz, L. 1961. In Search of Criminology. London: Heinemann.
Ritzer, G. 1996. The McDonaldization of Society: An Investigation into the Changing Character of Contemporary Social Life. Revised edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.
Rosenhan, D.L. 1973. On Being Sane in Insane Places. Science. 179:250-258.
Rothman, D. 1980. Conscience and Convenience: The Asylum and Its Alternatives in Progressive America. Boston: Little, Brown.
Scheff, T. 1966 Being Mentally Ill: A Sociological Theory. Chicago: Aldine.
Scull, A.T. 1984. Decarceration: Community Treatment and the Deviant - A Radical View. 2nd edition. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Simon, J. 1987. The Emergence of a Risk Society: Insurance, Law and the State. Socialist Review. 95:1:93-108.
Skolnick, J. H. 1966. Justice Without Trial: Law Enforcement in Democratic Society. New York: Wiley.
Skotnicki, A. 1998. Continuity and Change in the Pursuit of Criminal Justice. Presentation to the ICCA conference.
Smith, D. 1999. Writing the Social: Critique, Theory, and Investigations. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Sommers, E.K. 1995. Voices from Within: Women Who Have Broken the Law. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Stern, V. 1998. A Sin Against the Future: Imprisonment in the World. London: Penguin.
Sudnow, D. 1965. Normal Crimes: Sociological Features of the Penal Code in a Public Defender Office. Social Problems. 12:225-276.
Task Force on Federally Sentenced Women (TFFSW). 1990. Report of the Task Force on Federally Sentenced Women. Ottawa: Ministry of the Solicitor General.
Third International Congress of Criminology. 1955. General Reports. London, September, the Congress.
van Swaaningen, R. 1997. Critical Criminology: Visions from Europe. London: Sage.
Vold, G. B. 1958. Theoretical Criminology. New York: Oxford University Press.
- 1979. Theoretical Criminology. 2nd edition, prepared by T.J. Bernard. New York: Oxford University Press.
Walklate, S. 1995. Gender and Crime: An Introduction. London: Prentice-Hall.
Weber, M.. 1921/1968. Economy and Society. NJ: Beminister Press.
-- 1949. The Methodology of the Social Sciences. Free Press.
Wiebe, R. and Y. Johnnson. 1998. Stolen Life: The Journey of a Cree Woman. Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf Canada.
Young, P. 1983. Sociology, the State, and Penal Relations. In D. Garland and P. Young eds. The Power to Punish. London: Heinemann.